Next.js and Bootstrap

Before You Start

I will be assuming the following :

  • You will be using Next.js >= 13 with app routing rather than the legacy page routing.
  • You will be using Boostrap >= 5.3 so that jquery is not required.
  • You already know a fair amount about Next.js
  • You are starting fresh with a new Next.js project. These instructions can be used to retrofit Boostrap into an existing project, however.



Create a new Next.js project and install the needed modules. I use npm in the instructions, but obviously yarn can be used as well.

The --no-tailwind and --app are require. The rest can be changed to suit your preferences.

# create the new project without tailwind using the app router.
npx create-next-app@latest test-cna --no-tailwind --app \
    --use-npm --ts --eslint --no-src-dir

# Install the bootstrap source files
npm install bootstrap bootstrap-icons

# Install saas so that Next.js will know to transpile.
npm install --save-dev sass 

Next.js natively knows how to minify. Instructions for purgeCSS will come later.

Update next.config.js

This is a matter of choice. Since Next.js will not accidently route to a scss file, you can add all your style files into the same directory where the globals.scss is located. This is especially true since Bootstrap (and Tailwind, for that matter) discourage the use of CSS modules (e.g. Like here)

const path = require('path')

const nextConfig = {
sassOptions: {
    includePaths: [path.join(__dirname, 'styles')],

module.exports = nextConfig


Rename global.css to global.scss and use the below as the content.

Note the use of the tilde ("~") to resolve the path into the node_modules directory.

See the Bootstrap documentation for more information on options for the content here.

@import "overrides.scss";

@import "~bootstrap/scss/bootstrap";

@import "styles.scss";

overrides.scss and styles.scss

This is where you put your customizations. overrides.scss is used to change the bootstrap scss varible to affect things like primary color, etc. styles.scss is for any additional styling you may need.


change import of globals.css to globals.scss

Bootstrap Javacript

Some components available in Bootstrap require the use of javascript in order to properly render. Unfortunately, you cannot include that js into your Next.js application.

Instead, use React Bootstrap

npm install react-bootstrap


Given the size of bootstrap, it is definitely a win to “tree shake” the css bundle and remove all the class, etc that are not actually used.

Next.js knows about postCSS, so we will integrate PurgeCSS via postCSS.

npm install --save-dev postcss @fullhuman/postcss-purgecss
npm install --save-dev postcss-flexbugs-fixes postcss-preset-env

Put the following in postcss.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
        "autoprefixer": {
          "flexbox": "no-2009"
        "stage": 3,
        "features": {
          "custom-properties": false

      process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production'
        ? {
          content: [
          defaultExtractor: content => content.match(/[\w-/:]+(?<!:)/g) || [],
          safelist: ["html", "body"]
        } : false

See also the Nextjs PurgeCSS Guide.

Check the PurgeCSS Documentation for the complete list of options.